Harmandir shaheb (golden temple)

Sri Harimandir Sahib is the most sacred shrine or most prominent gurudwara of Sikh religious people, also known as Darbar Sahib or Golden Temple. It is located in the city of Amritsar in the Indian state of Punjab and is the biggest attraction here. The entire city of Amritsar situated around the Golden Temple.

Thousands of devotees and tourists visit the Golden Temple every day. Amritsar name came after the lake that Guru Ram Das built with his own hands. This Gurudwara is located in the middle of this lake. The exterior of this gurudwara is of gold, hence it is also known as the ‘Golden Temple’.


The fourth Sikh Guru Ramdas Ji laid its foundation laid. It has been said in some sources that Guruji had laid the foundation of this gurudwara in December 1588 from Mian Mir, a Sufi saint of Lahore.

The Golden Temple has been destroyed many times. But due to devotion and faith, the Sikhs rebuilt it. Maharaja Sardar Jassa Singh Ahluwalia rebuilt it again in the 17th century. In the 19th century, Afghan raiders completely destroyed it. Then Maharaja Ranjit Singh rebuilt it and decorated with a layer of gold. The seventh Nizam of Hyderabad – Mir Osman Ali Khan used to donate annually towards this temple.


The map of this gurudwara, about 400 years old, was prepared by Guru Arjun Dev Ji himself. This gurudwara craft is a unique example of beauty. Its carving and external beauty are made on seeing it. There are doors around the gurudwara, which open in all four directions (East, West, North, South). Even then the society was divided into four castes and people of many castes were not allowed to visit many temples etc., but these four doors of this gurudwara used to invite those four castes to come here. Followers of every religion are welcomed here.

The premises

There are two big and many small pilgrimage sites in the Sri Harimandir Sahib complex. All these shrines are spread around the reservoir. This reservoir is known as Amritsar, Amrit Sarovar, and Amrit Lake. The entire Golden Temple is made of white marble and its walls are carved with gold leaves.

The sound waves of Gurbani (Guruvani) echo throughout the day in Harimandir Sahib. Sikhs consider Guru as God. He tilts his head in front of the temple before entering the Golden Temple, then after washing his feet, goes up the steps to the main temple.

The Golden Temple is a very beautiful building. It has a beautiful arrangement of lights. And there is also a stone monument in the temple complex which installed to pay homage to the brave Sikh soldiers.

The gate

Shri Harimandir Sahib has four gates. One of these gates is by Guru Ram Das Sarai. There are many best places in this inn. Along with the resting places, the langar runs here for twenty-four hours, in which one can receive the offerings. There are many shrines in Sri Harimandir Sahib. Of these, the Berry tree also considered a place of pilgrimage; known as Ber Baba Budha. When the Golden Temple was building, Baba Budha Ji was sitting under this tree and was keeping an eye on the construction work of the temple.


The Golden Temple is on a man-made island in the middle of the lake. The entire temple plated with gold. A bridge connects to the shore of the Temple. Devotees bathe in the lake. This lake is full of fish. 100 m from the temple At a distance of is the golden inlay, Akal Takht. It has one underground floor and five other floors. It has a museum and an auditorium. There are meetings of Sarbat Khalsa here. Every issue or problem-related to the Sikh Panth resolve in this auditorium.

Devotees revolve around the corridor built around Amritsar to worship all the holy places located in the Golden Temple complex. After this, they see the Akal Takht. After visiting the Akal Takht, devotees enter the Golden Temple in rows.

Dukhbhanjani Beri

According to the legend inscribed on the wall of the gurudwara that once a father married his daughter to a leprous person. That girl believed that like every person, that leper is alive at the mercy of God. He gives her everything to eat. Once, after marrying the girl, her husband left the village to search for food after sitting on the banks of this pond. Then suddenly a crow came there, he dived in the pond and came out like a swan.

The leprosy person was very surprised to see this. He also thought that if I go to this pond too, then leprosy will get rid of it.

He leaped into the pond and upon coming out he saw that his leprosy was destroyed. This is the same lake in which every temple Sahib is located today. Then it was a small pond, surrounded by berry trees. The size of the pond has now become much larger than before, but even today there is a berry tree on one side of it. This place is very holy. Devotees also pay obeisance here.

The tradition is that the devotees here go to pay obeisance at the gurudwara only after bathing in the lake. As far as the cleanliness of this huge lake, no special day for it. But its water change almost daily. For this, there is a system of filters. During this time, the repairing process takes place. This work takes a week or so.

Akal Takht

Outside the gurudwara is the Akal Takht on the right. The Akal Takht built in 1606 AD. The Durbar Sahib is located here. This marble building is worth visiting. It has the office of the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee, where they take many important decisions related to Sikhs.

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